This is the history of the Kilgour family and the origin.


  The Name Kilgour

The tale of the name Kilgour begins with a family who lived in Kilgour, which is located near Falkland in the county of fife. The surname Kilgour belongs to the category of habitation names, which are derived from pre-existing names for towns, villages, parishes, or farmsteads. The Pictish race, one of the founding races of British Isles, arrived in Scotland from Brittany about the 5th century B.C. The bearers of the surname Kilgour are believed to be descended from this race. Migrating from northwest France they sailed northwest to Ireland where they were refused permission to land, but they were allowed by the kings of Ireland to locate in the eastern part of Scotland with the proviso that all their kings marry an Irish princess. According to the venerable Bede, England oldest historian, this established their matriarchal hierarchy, rare in the annals of British history. Nechtan was a pictish king, in about 724 A.D.; according to Roman history, many pictish kings before him had fought gallantly at Hadrian's Wall against the Roman invasion many centuries before. Their rivals to the west, the Dalriadans or the highlanders of the western isles, were their constant foes in the battle for supremacy for power over all Scotland, known then as Alba or Caledonia. Nechtan was finally expelled from pictland by alpin, half dalriadan, half Pict, the result of a political marriage. Alpin's son Kenneth Mac Alpine, son of Alpin, became the first recorded king of Scotland as we know it today. The picts, compressed by the northern invasion of the orcadian Vikings from the north who penetrated as far south as Caithness, were left with a territory on the eastern coast of Scotland from Aberdeen, south to Edinburgh. From some of the many early records researchers examined such documents as the inquisition 1120 A.D., the black book of the exchequer, the exchequer rolls of Scotland. The ragman rolls, the chronicles of the picts and Scots, and various cartularies of parishes in Scotland. From these archives they produced the early records of the name in fifshire where they were seated from very ancient times, some say well before the Norman Conquest and the arrival of Duke William at Hastings in 1066A.D. The spelling of the surname Kilgour was found in many different forms. Kilgour was found in many references, the Surname was also spelled Kilgour, Kilgore, and some of these versions are still used today. These changes in spelling frequently occurred, even between father and son. For instance, one clanswoman was recorded being born as Moffit, married as Moffit, and the spelling Moffett appeared on her headstone. Preferences for spelling variations usually either stemmed from a division of the family, had religious reasons, or sometimes patriotic reasons. Scribes and church people frequently selected their own version of what they thought the spelling should be. The family name Kilgour emerged as a Scottish clan or family in the territory. More specifically they developed in their original territories of fifshire where they held the territories of Kilgour near Falkland's. The first on record was Sir Thomas Kilgour who was chaplain of the palace of Falkland. The family flourished on their estates and by the year 1600 another sir Thomas Kilgour was chief of the clan. Alexander Kilgour his successor had a son David john Kilgour was sacristar of the Aberdeen cathedral. Henry Kilgour was chief of the clan territories in 1644. Notable amongst the clan at this time was Kilgour of fife. During the 16th, 17th and 18th centuries, Scotland was ravaged by religious conflict. The newly found passionate fervour of Presbyterianism and the Church of Scotland rejected all who could not pass "The test" of taking an oath of belief in the Church. Those failing the "Test" were frequently hanged, drawn and quartered in the high street, or, more kindly, banished to the colonies, to Australia or to the Carolinas. Meanwhile, the Roman Church still fought to retain its status. Many clansmen were freely "encouraged" to migrate to Ireland. From 1603 to 1790. Scottish Clans and Families were recruited from the English Scottish border and north of Edinburgh to populate Northern Ireland with protestant stock faithful to the new religion of the crown. Many heads of families migrated from Scotland to Ireland during this period. They became known as the "Scotch Irish." The name Kilgour may well have arrived in Ireland early in the 17th Century during the reign of Jams I of Britain when six counties in Ulster were confiscated and settled by the protestant "planters" or "Undertakers," as these settlers were known. The migration or banishment to the new world also continued, some went voluntarily from Ireland but most went directly from Scotland, their home territories. Some also moved to the European continent. They sailed to the new world across the stormy Atlantic aboard the small sailing ships known as the "white sails." These overcrowded ships, sometimes spending two months at sea, were racked with disease, sometimes landing with only 60% of their original passenger list. In North America, early immigrants who bear the Kilgour family name, or one of its spelling variations were Francis Kilgore settled in Virginia in 1761: Joseph and Martha Kilgour settled with their four children settled in Barstable mass. In 1822; George Kilgour settled in San Francisco in 1850. In later years, immigrant to North America would move westward, settling the region from the Middle West, to the prairies to the west coast. During the war of Independence allegiances were divided. Some remained American, whilst others became United Empire loyalists and moved north to Canada. Many of the earliest settlers to Australia were convicts, transported from Britain to live and work in the penal colonies; others were offered incentives and financial assistance. Bearers of this name have made their mark in the Arts, Science, Commerce and the professions. Prominent bearers of the Kilgour Surname in recent history include Joseph Kilgour (1863 - 1933). Canadian Actor: and Fred Kilgour (1914 - 2006), American Librarian and educator, founding director of the 'Online Computer Library centre'. The coat of Arms found for a bearer of the Kilgour Surname did not include a motto, under most heraldic authorities, a motto is an optional component of the coat of arms, and many families have chosen not to display a motto.